Introduction:Taiwan is situated at the major shipping route in the Asia-Pacific region, along which numerous container ships, oil tankers, bulk carriers and other types of ships frequently pass through every year, and in the main ports of Taiwan offshore oil carriers and freighters can often be seen. Moreover, in Taiwan, seasonal monsoons often bring severe sea conditions, which cause marine incidents. The occurrence of marine incidents may lead to oil or chemical leakage from ships due to marine accidents, environmental pollution and marine ecological damage. Such incidents require the government to deploy manpower and material resources to exercise marine pollution response. In order to response to marine pollution incidents, it is of utmost importance in establishing the organizational structure of emergency response and real-time notification and response. There is the need of integrating the resources from related authorities and coastal counties and cities, for immediate prevention and controlling of marine pollution, response to marine accidents and marine pollution incidents, whereby reducing the environmental and ecological damages caused, and ensuring the sustainability of marine resources.
Our marine pollution prevention and control endeavors include the following:
1. Marine Pollution Contingency PlanThe purpose of the Marine Pollution Contingency Plan is to regulate the prevention and response of major marine pollution, in achieving the goal of marine environment protection.
2. Marine pollution governance systems(1) Engagement in ocean cleaning related activities; and collection and analyses of the density, hotspots, and characteristics of the flow of marine debris and marine debris found on the seabed of the coastal sea.
(2) Maintenance of marine pollution prevention and control systems for use by the management agencies; enhancement of the quality of system data; performance of statistical analyses; and utilization of the display functions of geographic information platforms.
(3) Completion of the marine pollution prevention and control assessment work of local governments; reviewing of the marine pollution prevention and control permits; drawing the attention of all units to the marine pollution prevention and control operations; and ensuring the cooperation of all units responding to emergencies.
(4) Refinement of adaptive measures for marine pollution emergencies; integration of marine pollution-related adaptive measures of relevant units; and management of marine pollution incidents using adaptive technology and strategies available on-site.
(5) Training of marine oil and chemical pollution-handling personnel to improve the capacity of relevant units to respond to emergencies and reduce the negative effects of marine pollution.
3. Adaptive measures for marine pollution emergencies(1) Upgrading of the performance of marine oil pollution diffusion simulations; improvement of the related practical application; and supporting of the related adaptive strategies and operations.
(2) Upgrading of the performance of marine chemical pollution diffusion simulations; improvement of the related practical applications; and supporting of the related adaptive strategies and operations.
(3) Promotion and utilization of online-based marine oil pollution diffusion simulators in marine pollution prevention and control operations, drills, and practical operations.
(4) Monitoring of marine oil pollution and improvement of the performance of marine oil pollution monitoring vehicles.
4. Satellites and Remote Monitoring(1) Employment of such technology as satellites and remote monitoring devices to monitor marine pollution and oil pollution incidents.
(2) Investigation of the feasibility of using satellites and remote monitoring devices to monitor marine debris.
(3) Promotion of the use of satellites and remote monitoring devices to prevent, control, and respond to marine pollution, and to help managing the related administrative work.
5. Marine pollution information and materials(1) Signing of open-ended contracts to respond to major oil pollution incidents occurring in the seas around Taiwan and its outlying islands; and engagement in the cleanup of marine oil pollution.
(2) Hosting of seminars on the way to respond to marine oil pollution emergencies and pollution leakage, as well as identify hazardous marine chemical substances.
6. Marine pollution prevention and control-related promotion(1) Hosting of large-scale marine environment education seminars.
(2) Preparation of marine pollution prevention and control and marine environment education materials.
(3) Curation of marine pollution prevention and control and marine environment education exhibitions.
(4) Enhancement of information dissemination.
7. Marine Pollution Response Equipment management(1) Marine Pollution Response Equipment:
Oil spill absorbents include pads and booms, oil skimmers, protective equipment, high-pressure water gun, etc.
(2) Marine Pollution Control Management Information Integration Network:
The function of Marine Pollution Response Equipment management has been established under the Marine Pollution Control Management Information Integration Network, with such function as contacts of ministries, local governments and agencies (institutions), storage sites of response equipment, materials and equipment, etc. to allow quick inquiry of information by the relevant competent authorities.
8. Designated Zones for Marine Dumping:In order to encourage the industry to strengthen the recycling and reuse of dredged mud, marine dumping fee (polluter-pays) is levied for the water pollution fund, so as to provide economic incentives to guide the industry to seek methods with lower environmental impact or phasing in recycling and reuse.