Link to Content Area

Ocean Conservation Administration, Ocean Affairs Council.

  • Font Size:
  • A
  • A
  • A
:::

Introduction to Taiwan’s marine protected areas

Content Area

Taiwan’s specifications pertaining to marine protected areas are currently distributed among different competent authority regulations. Each responsible agency plans and sets up different types of marine areas according to its governing laws. Each agency and area also has different protection targets, management objectives, and conservation methods. For example, wildlife conservation areas are for conserving species and diversity; national parks cover conservation, research, and education/leisure; fishery resource conservation areas are for conserving aquatic resources; and nature conservation areas are for preserving the original status of special geographical resources of natural areas. National scenic areas, on the other hand, are for developing tourism and the sustainable management of natural and cultural tourism resources.  

In 2010, the competent authority for marine protected areas, the Fisheries Agency under the Council of Agriculture, defined marine protected areas based on IUCN as “areas extending from the average high tide line out towards the sea for a certain distance and possessing special natural landscape, important cultural heritage, or sustainable ecological resources that must be protected or managed according to the law or other effective methods.” The Fisheries Agency also recognized that Taiwan’s marine protected areas should be planned according to the “Fisheries Act,” “National Park Law,” “Wildlife Conservation Act,” “Cultural Heritage Preservation Act,” and the “Act for the Development of Tourism.” As of September 2020, there are 44 marine protected areas in Taiwan with an area of approximately 5303.97 km2 (after deducting an overlapping area of 3.88 km2), accounting for 8.23% of Taiwan’s offshore borders and domestic water area + Kinmen, Matsu, and Taiping Island’s restricted marine area of 64,473 km2 (data provided by the Ministry of the Interior). If converted based on Taipei City’s administrative area of 272 km2, Taiwan has a marine protected area of approximately 19.5 Taipei City in size. Of this area, national parks account for the biggest proportion at 82.86%, followed by marine wildlife conservation areas (including important habitat environments) at 14.44%, fishery resource conservation areas at 1.84%, national scenic areas at 0.82%, and nature conservation areas at 0.0002%. The areas are listed below:

1. One important wildlife habitat environment and five wildlife conservation areas established according to the “Wildlife Conservation Act” (originally under the jurisdiction of the Forestry Bureau, but now under the jurisdiction of the Ocean Conservation Administration)
2.  Four national parks that include marine areas established according to the “National Park Law” (under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior)
3. Twenty-nine fishery resource conservation areas established according to the “Fisheries Act” (under the jurisdiction of the Fisheries Agency)
4. Three nature conservation areas established according to the “Cultural Heritage Preservation Act” (under the jurisdiction of the Forestry Bureau)
5. Two marine resource conservation areas established in national scenic areas according to the “Act for the Development of Tourism” and “Urban Planning Law” (under the jurisdiction of the Tourism Bureau).

The “Aichi Targets” adopted by 2010 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 10th Conference of the Parties (COP10) recommended that 10% of the coastal and marine areas be designated as protected areas before 2020 and put under effective management. The 2014 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development passed a series of sustainable development goals (SDGs), among which Goal 14 is to conserve and sustainably use ocean and marine resources to ensure sustainable development, and Goal 14.5 of the detailed items pledged to protect at least 10% of the coastal and marine areas before 2020, while obtaining the best scientific information, according to national and international laws.
In 2020, the proportion of global marine protected area is 7.44%, which is approximately 26,947,375 km2 in size. This includes 6.87% of the national jurisdiction area within the region (national waters) and 0.72% of areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ). National waters that accounts for 39% of global marine waters contain conservation areas of 24,329,222 km2 in size, which contribute to 17.23% of this water region, while ABNJ that accounts for 61% of global marine waters contain only 1.18% of designated protected areas (https://protectedplanet.net/marine). The OCA will continue to work towards the Aichi Targets.
The Fengbin Fishery Resource Conservation Area established according to the “Fisheries Act” 
The Matsu Island Tern Conservation Area established according to the “Wildlife Conservation Act”

List of Taiwan’s marine protected areas
Number   Name of protected area   County/city of location       Legal basis
1 Mianhua and Huaping Islets Wildlife Refuge; Keelung City; Wildlife Conservation Act
2 Taoyuan Guanxin Algal Reefs Ecosystem Wildlife Refuge; Taoyuan City; Wildlife Conservation Act
3 Matsu Islands Tern Refuge; Lienchiang County; Wildlife Conservation Act
4 Penghu County Mao Islet Seabird Refuge; Penghu County; Wildlife Conservation Act
5 Penghu County Wangan Island Green Turtle Nesting Refuge; Penghu County; Wildlife Conservation Act
6 Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin Major Wildlife Habitat; Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, and Yunlin; Wildlife Conservation Act
7 Kenting National Park; Pingtung County; National Park Law
8 Dongsha Atoll National Park; Kaohsiung City; National Park Law
9 Taijiang National Park; Tainan City; National Park Law
10 South Penghu Marine National Park; Penghu County; National Park Law
11 Suao Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Yilan County; Fisheries Act
12 Toucheng Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Yilan County; Fisheries Act
13 Keelung City Aquatic Plants and Animals Conservation Area; Keelung City; Fisheries Act
14 Keelung City Wanghaixiang Chaojing Bay Resource Conservation Area; Keelung City; Fisheries Act
15 Gongliao Aquatic Plants and Animals Reproduction Conservation Area; New Taipei City; Fisheries Act
16 Wanli Aquatic Plants and Animals Reproduction Conservation Area; New Taipei City; Fisheries Act
17 Ruifang Conservation Area; New Taipei City; Fisheries Act
18 Yehliu Aquatic Plants and Animals Reproduction Conservation Area; New Taipei City; Fisheries Act
19 Wanwa Venus Clam Breeding Conservation Area; Miaoli County; Fisheries Act
20 Shengang Mud Shrimp Breeding Conservation Area; Changhua County; Fisheries Act
21 Wanggong Mud Shrimp Breeding Conservation Area; Changhua County; Fisheries Act
22 Shengang (2) Mud Shrimp Breeding Conservation Area; Changhua County; Fisheries Act
23 Liuqiu Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Pingtung County; Fisheries Act
24 Checheng Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Pingtung County; Fisheries Act
25 Resources Nursing Area of National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium; Pingtung County; Fisheries Act
26 Fushan Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Taitung County; Fisheries Act
27 Xiaoma Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Taitung County; Fisheries Act
28 Xiaogang Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Taitung County; Fisheries Act
29 Yiwan Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Taitung County; Fisheries Act
30 Ludao Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Taitung County; Fisheries Act
31 Yanliao Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
32 Shuilian Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
33 Gaoshan Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
34 Xiaohu Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
35 Fengbin Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
36 Shitiping Conservation Area; Hualien County; Fisheries Act
37 Xiaomen Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Penghu County; Fisheries Act
38 Qimei Fisheries Resources Conservation Area; Penghu County; Fisheries Act
39 Kinmen Kuningtou Northwest Intertidal Terrain Horseshoe Crab Conservation Area; Kinmen County; Fisheries Act
40 Penghu Columnar Basalt Nature Reserve; Penghu County; Cultural Heritage Preservation Act
41 Penghu South Sea Columnar Basalt Nature Reserve; Penghu County; Cultural Heritage Preservation Act
42 Xuhai-Guanyinbi Nature Reserve; Pingtung County; Cultural Heritage Preservation Act
43 East Coast National Scenic Area (Marine Resources Conservation Area); Taitung County; Act for The Development Of Tourism and Urban Planning Law
44 Northeast and Yilan Coast National Scenic Area (Marine Resources Protected Area); Yilan County; Act for the Development of Tourism and Urban Planning Law

Unit:Ocean Conservation Administration
  • Visitor: 886
  • Update: 2021-03-12
Contrast:
Font Size:
Example:
Ocean Conservation Administration, Ocean Affairs Council
top